How to Install Drainage System In Lawn (or Yard): Top Recommendations
A wet and soggy lawn is the reason for so many complications, starting with lawn disease, dying turf and up to weed. If you install a quality drainage system, you will eliminate the risk of numerous issues. Nowadays, you can use the most different methods and materials to plan a perfect drainage project. Consider such points as time, money and labor. Do not forget about preferences and lawn or yard condition.
While making your own drainage system within the garden or yard is quite simple, you need to follow a range of principles to get successful results and excellent landscape. Take the following tips into consideration, while planning the drainage:
- The slope trench is the key thing required for an effective drain. At least 2% slope is required for adequate water movement from one place to another. In other words, if your drain line is about 100 feet long, the drop should be 2 feet from start to finish. It will help the water flow properly through the gravel or pipe.
- Take care of the catch basins. The place where the drain empties is frequently used as a stopping point to slow down the water flow and collect debris, or as the final destination for the whole drainage system, so it should be well-managed to provide water with an opportunity to stop.
- Put gravel or coarse stones on the bottom of the trench before installing lawn drainage.
- The moment your drain is installed, the same combination of gravel and coarse stone should be put above the drain line with approximately 3-4 inches of the topsoil, required for the lawn growth.
- When the grass starts growing above the gravel, the drain will start functioning properly. The gravel can be set as an open drain, making your yard even more attractive.
- You can use landscaping fabric to line the trench and cover the stone when the drain line is installed. However, it is up to the homeowner. Anyway, it is inevitable to set the trench deep enough to maintain a correct slope and get a beneficial drain line surrounded by gravel.
Understanding Various Drain Types
A well-equipped and properly-managed drainage system is ultimately important nowadays, so you can choose the one suiting the condition of your garden, your finances, and individual preferences, Drains can vary greatly in complexity and style. The most commonly used and the simplest one is the traditional French drain, which is a classic tile system filled with the gravel or coarse stone. The adequate slope required for fast water flow is around 2-4%. The drain type can be either hidden underground or remain open.
Well, here’s the video about Drain Types:
Usually, people use slotted, corrugated pipe, which is not less than 4 inches in diameter. Known as Big O, the pipe is ultimately popular within the golf courses and other landscapes. The main advantages of the pipe are an ability to move large water amounts and its ability to receive water from the soil around the drain. Once the slope is correct and you take proper care of the drain, you will get an excellent drainage system that will serve you for years.
By the way, we already wrote an article about the choosing drainage system for lawn.
Do It Yourself: Simple Steps to Top-Notch Drainage System
Installing a quality in-ground drainage system, you can forget about water issues around the house and garden. A long-term, permanent solution will deal with your wet or soggy garden and yard.
Planning is one of the most important stages of the whole process. Make sure you have got all the necessary tools for the process, including:
- Line level;
- Garden rake;
- Cordless drill;
- Tape measure and others.
Additionally, you will need certain materials, such as:
- Fabric sock;
- Crushed rock;
- Drain cover;
- Drain tubing.
Following the instructions below, you can make your own drainage system with minimal expenses and effort:
- Over 60% of homeowners face the problem of soggy lawn and look for effective ways to overcome the problem. At this point you have two variants: either to sell the house and get a new one, or roll up the sleeves and start working. An overwhelming majority of wet gardens can be drained effectively.
- Determine the source of the problem. On average, the place where water is coming from is obvious. There’s frequently a slope near the house, excess roof water draining close to the foundation or a depression in the garden that triggers pooling. While you can take care of insignificant foundation drainage issues, more serious problems require proper attention. While simple methods and techniques do not help, you do not need to despair. The first thing to do is call the local utilities to find where telephone, TV, and electric cables, as well as gas piping, are buried. Your drainage plan can depend greatly on their location. Once you are ready with the most important directions and basic steps, you can proceed.
- Start digging a hole, which would be enough for the overflow tube and the dry well. Before you dig, you need to estimate the situation and find the spot, which is lower than the house to drain unnecessary water there. If you cannot do it without special equipment, you can use the line level with a tape measure and stakes to check the routes for water to escape.
- Prepare and install the dry well. Knock out parts of drainage on the sides of the future dry well. Score around the hole with a knife, then use a hammer. Connect the drainage tubes and slope the trench to the position proper for the purpose. To do this, you need to measure the depth of your trench, pound a stake in the near house in order to use it as a reference point. Afterward, you need to tie the string level to each stake and make sure you have measured the depth. Then, increase the depth as you get farther from the dry well. Adjust the gravel at the base and top of the trench. Additionally, you can install the Y-fitting in places where the tube passes by the downspout. Once you have already installed all the parts of the system, you can cover the tubes with some gravel and coarse stones. You can also use other yard drainage ideas to decorate the area. For example, you can cover the spot with landscape filter fabric and tamp the soil. You can plant favorite flowers and other plants above the drainage system, or just make a lawn.
Effective Ways to Improve Drainage Lawn
Once you have made the whole drainage system on your own and noticed some imperfections after some time, you can improve the situation rather fast and easy. You will need simple materials and some tools to get alternative drainage options to eliminate excess water gathering.
Analyze the situation first. Try to understand the problem and fix it by extending the downspout, creating a creek bed or building a rain garden. All these methods will help you preserve your garden in the best shape and prevent it from getting soggy. Landscape close to the house can create an unwanted basin for water while extending the downspout you can solve this problem. Therefore, do not rush to dig a trench and install another drainage system. Just step back, evaluate the situation, find the source of the problem and deal with it in the most convenient way.
If the situation seems too bad, you need to draw a drainage plan, which will help you manage the issue and find the top solutions. For example, creating a creek bed is a good option that can channel water away from the low spot and direct it to the dry well or rain garden. If properly arranged, the creek bed will look nice even dry. As a result, you solve the problem and get another attractive spot in the yard or garden. Make a shallow, gentle drainage ditch, line it with the stones and gravel and decorate with some plantings, bridge, and borders. Keep in mind that you should not transform the whole drainage project into a creek bed, but you can use it as an extra option to deal with the appearing problems.
A rain garden is another revolutionary way to improve your yard drainage. If there is a low spot somewhere in the middle or back of your yard, why not turn it into a beautiful rain garden. It will be a great idea for people, who suffer from water that is flowing to the low spot. A rain garden is a great place for creative homeowners, who are ready to fill the spot with some plants and other decorations. This option will not solve the whole problem but improve the situation considerably. In addition, such spots are ultimately beneficial for the environment, as they decrease the lawn chemicals, runoff, sediment, and pet waste. The rain garden is not about holding water like a pond, but it is a good option to strengthen the existing drainage system.
Looking for effective extra ways to put drainage in a lawn (or garden), you need to consider the addition of the drainpipe. It is an exceptional way to get rid of excess water from low areas and drain it away using underground pipes. Dig a gradually sloping trench, starting from the source of the issue to the outlet. Bury a plastic catch basin and connect it to the final discharge with PVC drainpipe. Being solid, the pipe should not be covered with gravel. Additionally, the water flow will be easier and much quicker. If it gets clogged, it can be easily unclogged with a simple drain snake.
The French drain is the last, but not the least option to significantly improve the condition of your drainage system. Now that you are aware of all the revolutionary and up-to-date ways how to drain water from lawn, you can compare the existing advancing options with the French drain, which is basically the whole system. This versatile system can deal with the most different drainage-related problems. Due to the buried perforated pipe, it disperses water over huge areas. However, the pipe should be surrounded by specific materials, which allow water to flow freely to the final point. The very important feature of the French drain is its long-term service, which is ultimately appreciated by the homeowners.
Having complete information about DIY drainage systems, you can save your money and not hire a specialist. Follow simple, but detailed tips and achieve the desired results. Estimate the situation, choose the best option, which will suit your lawn or garden type, as well as numerous other features that can contribute to the success of the installed system. Contact a professional to get recommendations and some advice if necessary.