Quick Facts about Zoysia Grass Lawn
Zoysia grass is the one, which is appreciated for its resistance to heavy foot traffic, drought, heat and similar challenges. Generally speaking, it is a universal lawn grass that will stand up all the major issues. At the same time, the grass can deliver a dense and beautiful lawn with critically little human input. Still, if you want to choose Zoysia grass, you need to consider certain facts, such as your place of living, climate, lawn care goals, the way you see your future lawn and others. Once your desires coincide with the grass potential strength, it can be a perfect variant for you.
So, what is Zoysia grass? Here are quick facts that will help you understand it more:
- Warm-season grass that is tolerant to cold;
- Dense and tolerant to traffic;
- Drought- and heat-tolerant;
- Suitable for transition and southern zones;
- Prefers sun but tolerates light shade;
- Low maintenance and water requirements.
Originally, Zoysia is an Asian grass type, though it has a long history growing in the US. This lawn grass is appreciated as warm-season, ultimately tolerant grass that does not require much attention, care, and treatment. Zoysia is a perennial grass, which comes back in a year if it grows in proper climate.
Types of Zoysia Grass: Characteristics, Differences, and Peculiarities
Considering Zoysia as a beneficial option for your yard, you need to pay attention to the diversity of grass types and variations. Generally, people specify numerous Zosya variants, including:
- Zenith. It is one of the most easily planted and grown seeded Zoysia types. The grass makes a dense, warm and beautiful warm-season turf. If established, the grass can perform even in high traffic places. The variety germinates within 14-24 days in temperature higher than 70 degrees. You will get the best results if you plant Zenith in early spring when the soil temperature is not lower than 65 degrees. Zenith lawn grass is an ultimate combination of Zoysia strength and the advantage of growing from seed. The grass features high cold-tolerance that is perfect for homeowners in the challenging regions.
- Empire. The main feature of this variety is tight blade growth that contributes greatly to the depth of its color. The grass has wide blades with a luscious dark green hue that will definitely make your neighbors jealous. It is important to mention that Empire Zoysia lasts through much of the winter, so you will have a beautiful lawn almost all year round. Empire is one of a few kinds of grass that perform well irrespective of the zone. It has thick and deep roots that help the grass tolerate drought and other challenges. Another peculiarity of the grass is slow growth with natural chemical and cinch bud resistance that eliminates your need for frequent lawn maintenance and watering.
- El Toro. It is another Zoysia variant most popular in California. This type of grass is tolerant to shade, drought and similar challenges. You can grow the grass by vegetative propagation only.
- Emerald. According to numerous Zoysiagrass reviews, it is one of those widely used grass varieties people buy for golf courses. The lawn grows faster if compared to other Zoysia types, and it features a deep green color. The grass can be grown only with propagation by plugs or sprigging.
- Meyer. Also known as Z52, it is the most appreciated and popular Zoysia variant in America. Meyer is characterized by nice color, density and ultimate tolerance and resistance to cold, shade and foot traffic. The grass can grow in areas, where other warm-season grasses fail. It can be propagated by plugs, sod, and springs.
- Zorro, Cashmere, and others.
All diversities of Zoysia were developed from three main species, such as Tenuifolia, Matrella, and Japonica. While the variations of the first two species were planted from plugs, sod, and springs, the latter was available in seeds.
Top Benefits of Zoysia Grass
Zoysia grass is an exclusive lawn grass type that is excellent both for home yard and golf course. The grass features a rather slow establishment, which allows easy maintenance and helps to form an ultimately dense carpet of grass. One of the main advantages of this variety is high density that prevents the weed from penetration. The dense and thick grass is favored by homeowners and families in warm climates that want to use the lawns for entertainment, games and time together.
While growing, Zoysia stays light to medium green, turning brown during winter dormancy, and appears to be green in early spring. Zoysia grass can keep its deep green color far longer than Bermuda grass and many other types. The grass develops a deep root system completely naturally, that is very efficient at drought resistance and moisture conserving. The grass can stay green and lush during drought episodes, too. Unlike other warm-season grasses, Zoysia prefers full sun, but it can tolerate light shade as well.
How Often Do You Mow Zoysia Grass: Maintenance Tips
Before you plant Zoysia grass, you need to be aware of its peculiarities and specifications. This lawn grass is a slow grower that will take around 2 years to form a dense, lush and established lawn. Seeding a specific Zoysia grass type and following all the instructions, you can get the desired result much sooner. The establishment of the grass can happen even during the first growing season, especially if the climate is appropriate.
Zoysia is a warm-season grass that should be planted in early spring right after frost passes. The main problem with the grass is the thatch is can develop due to the dense growth. Dethatching and aeration should be done in early spring, so the grass will recover fast during peak growth. If you have ever seen pictures of Zoysia turf, you could notice a nice and dense lawn without weed and pests. On average, 1-inch irrigation is enough for a week. Infrequent, but deep watering stimulates the growth of drought-resistant roots. If you plant Zoysia in sandy soil, more frequent watering may be required in order to retain rich color during summer stress.
As for mowing, Zoysia should be kept at a height of 1-1.5 inches. Provide a middle mower setting to ensure the best look of the grass. Zoysia has comparatively low nitrogen requirements, but it should be fed 6-8 weeks after planting. Keep feeding the grass every 6-8 weeks by the time it becomes dormant in fall.
Zoysia Grass Problems and Their Solutions
Despite high resistance to drought, foot traffic, and similar challenges, Zoysia grass has a range of potential problems you should be aware of:
- Temperamental color. The grass can change colors from green up to brown, depending on the weather;
- Invasive. Plant plugs instead of seeding if you do not want the grass to crowd out all the other plants and species in your lawn;
- Thatch. The grass does not require frequent mowing, but you will have to do thatch control instead;
- Slow to grow. You do not need to mow it often, but it also means harder recovery time from any damage.
Is Zoysia grass good? Yes, irrespective of all the problems it may have, the grass remains a perfect variant for certain types of lawns. Proper and timely maintenance will eliminate other effort related to lawn care.