February 26, 2018 | Lawn Guides

What is Artificial Grass and How to Install Artificial Grass Yourself

What is Artificial Grass and How to Install Artificial Grass Yourself

Artificial lawn is an excellent option for temporary (after harvesting) or permanent decoration of the yard site. Thanks to modern production technologies, it looks very natural, and with proper installation and operation, it is difficult to distinguish it from the natural lawn.

Artificial grass is made of synthetic, polyethylene fibers glued or embroidered in a framed fabric. By its structure, the manufacturing method is similar to a carpet. Synthetic grass is of different heights, thickness, and color.

Most artificial lawns are made in shades of green but there are white, brown, and even blue covers. There are fillable and non-fillable lawns. The base of fillable lawns is filled with special granular substrates (sand or rubber granules). Non-fillable lawns after fitting are ready for use. Synthetic lawns can pass water (used for outdoor use) or can’t when water remains on the surface of the coating (used for indoor use).

Synthetic Grass

Pros and Cons of Artificial Grass Laying

These are the pros and cons of artificial grass.


  • High wear resistance, can be used in places with high load (stopovers, sports grounds, gyms, game rooms, etc.).
  • Minimal care and maintenance. It is not required to fertilize, assemble automatic irrigation, trim, mulch, or aerate. When dirty, synthetic grass is easy to clean.
  • Resistant to corrosive, aggressive detergents.
  • High operating temperature range. A wide range of applications and practicality.
  • Indoor and outdoor use.
  • Simplicity and speed of artificial grass installation.


  • Not a natural but artificial material.

Structure of Artificial Grass

Artificial grass cover is supplied in rolls so that the fake grass installation could be as simple and convenient as possible.

The principle of rolling turf structure is based on a natural prototype. The basis for the lawn is an elastic material, covered with latex, which is practically not subject to deformation. Pile fiber (grass) of different thickness and density (selected depending on the purpose of the lawn) is then attached to the basis. The height of the pile, as a rule, varies from 6 mm to 10 cm.

Types of Artificial Lawns

There are several types of artificial lawns:

  • Non-fillable. It provides the most aesthetically beautiful look, thanks to the refined work. It is very difficult to see its difference from the natural cover. It can be used as a decoration of various sites where there is no movement. However, if you walk on such grass, the cover will quickly lose its appearance.
  • Semi-fillable lawn cover. This is the best option for children’s playgrounds and sports fields. The base is made of soft polyethylene fiber, which perfectly softens the impact when falling. When installing synthetic grass to ensure that the coating is strong, an artificial roll lawn of this type is supplemented with quartz sand, which is poured into the spaces between the fibers.
  • Fillable lawn. This type of lawns is used on football fields. If you’re wondering how to install AstroTurf, the installation process is the same as laying artificial grass in general. Thanks to a combination of quartz sand and rubber granulate, it protects against serious injuries during sliding falls.

Tips on Ground Preparation for Artificial Grass

Synthetic turf installation is not difficult. The method of laying a synthetic lawn resembles the laying of a carpet. A dense, stable, and level surface is needed for the base. The sizes of artificial turf can differ in different manufacturers and it is necessary to take into account the dimensions to minimize waste and the number of joints that do not add beauty to the lawn.

Artifical Turf

Before installing turf in a backyard, remove any vegetation on the planned site mechanically or by applying various herbicides. The lawn can be laid on top of both a concrete and loose foundation (leveled and compacted soil, sand). The thickness of the concrete base should be 50–150 mm (depending on the soil structure).

Lawn preparation also requires the underlayer to be added with gravel. The lower layer should be gravel of a coarse fraction of 40–60 mm and the top layer is small gravel, sifting or sand. Then the surface is compacted and watered. The sagged areas are padded with sifting additionally. Artificial lawn perfectly passes water. The drainage should effectively remove water, otherwise, there will be puddles on the lawn. If you want to know how to install synthetic grass or turf on a concrete foundation, it must initially be under a slope and remove excess water.

What is the Best Way to Easy Lay New Artificial Grass?

When laying artificial grass on a patio, professionals recommend the following sequence of actions:

  1. Before laying an artificial lawn, put in order the area intended for it. Regardless of where the lawn will be located, the area must be carefully cleaned of debris that can damage the coating. According to tips on how to lay fake grass (artificial turf) on dirt, it is necessary to remove any glass, stones, metal parts, tree roots, and weeds.
  2. If the laying is carried out on top of the land cover, then it must be carefully tampered with. The easiest way to do this is with the help of a lawn roller. If you don’t have it, a broad log or a barrel of water will do instead. Also, do not forget to provide special gutters where rainwater will drain.
  3. For a concrete coating, as well as other hard surfaces, it is necessary to use a substrate. It is used to reduce the friction of artificial turf on concrete. The substrate must be carefully leveled.
  4. Now you can start laying the grass layer. This is done in a straight line. Each next sheet should be laid a little overlap. The cover plate should be 1.5 cm.
  5. Since artificial grass is supplied in rolls, it is necessary to give it time to straighten. Within 12 hours, the grass will form a vertical shape and the bends from the storage will be leveled.
  6. After the grass has acquired the original shape, you can fasten the sheets together with the help of staples. Apply special skirting boards to fix the grass on the perimeter. If you have a small lawn, you can attach it to the base with the glue. On the edges of the lawn, a decorative curb is set.
  7. Depending on the type of the lawn, further filling of gaps between the grass with sand, granulate may follow. This can be done only in dry weather. First, quartz sand is poured, carefully leveled, so that the particles get as deep as possible, and then a layer of granulate follows.

How to Lay Turf Lawn and Take Care of It

An artificial lawn is not whimsical but requires a certain care. Artificial grass needs to be combed out with special brushes made of nylon about once a week. Fallen branches of trees, leaves, and other garbage must be cleaned immediately as it can tangle the nap, bring a lot of inconveniences, and damage the coating.

Germinating weeds, usually on the edges of the lawn, should be carefully removed. It is possible to use herbicides in dry weather. Cigarette butts, gum, and sharp objects can damage the coating and it will not be easy to restore it. It is not allowed to use shovels and other mechanical devices for cleaning snow and ice.

Artificial lawns are a wonderful substitute for natural lawns. A synthetic lawn is indispensable where ordinary grass does not survive or in places where it should not grow. Artificial grass is practical and durable, and the color of the grass almost does not differ from the real grass.